Formations

Architecture des Ordinateurs : les principes de fonctionnement

le 04 septembre 2002 | Dernière mise à jour de l'article le 22 septembre 2008

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It is a question of including/understanding, on low level, the organization of these machines, and consequently that of all those which derive from it (footbridges, routers...).

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The course "Structures of the Computers" was carried out by Emmanuel Viennet of department GTR (Genius of Telecommunications and Réseaux) of the IUT of Villetaneuse, France. The system of publication of the pages of teaching GTR was conceived using the system in open code Zope .

This course poses the principles of operation of the computers:

It is a question of including/understanding, on low level, the organization of these machines, and consequently that of all those which derive from it (footbridges, routers...). We are based on the detailed study of the architecture of the PC, of which we study the processor and his machine language, the basic functions of his operating system (BIOS), and his mechanisms of communication with outside (inputs/outputs). We approach also the operation of various peripherals of the computer (screen, keyboard, hard disks, CD-ROMs...), in order to learn how to advisedly implement them, then we finish this course by a panorama of various current architectures (processors CISC and RISC, workstations etc).

Contents :

  1. Introduction to architecture
  2. Introduction to the machine language
  3. The assembler 80x86
  4. Concepts of compilation
  5. The operating system
  6. Interruptions
  7. Inputs/outputs
  8. Peripherals
  9. Memory
  10. Current architectures (not yet written)

You will also find:

Presentation of the course

Practical work

The anal ones of examinations

Relevant documents published by the GTR

Other courses on line on the subject.

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