Published by the Stanford Institute for Human-Centered Artificial Intelligence (HAI), the 2022 - AI Index Report - on the state of artificial intelligence development in 25 countries, gives an impressive overview of what is currently happening in the development of this new power.
Because it is indeed a power in which companies and governments are investing heavily.
In 5 chapters we discover the most significant trends.
1- Research and development
While pattern recognition (shapes, behaviors, signs) is still the most popular research topic, machine learning is on its way to overtake it while linguistic topics are declining. China is still the most active area followed by Europe and the United States.
2- Technical performance
The accuracy of results now exceeds 90% for the Images "Imagenet Challenge" and for natural language inference, bringing it close to human performance (93%). The average cost of a robotic arm has dropped from $50,000 in 2016 to $12,000 in 2022.
3- Technical Ethics
We have already discussed in Thot the biases of A.I. in facial recognition, in CV screening, in jurisprudence applied to prisoners, and even in healthcare. As A.I. systems are deployed, communities are putting in place detection and correction systems that make them less biased. The situation is improving.
When it comes to the topics covered that have real-world effects, health and climate are by far the most common.
4- Economy and Education
While in 2020 private investment in A.I. exceeded $40 billion, in 2021 it more than doubled to $93 billion; more than 52 by the U.S., 17 by China, and 6 by Europe. This does not take into account public investments which are also in the billions.
5- Policy and Governance
It is becoming clear to governments that A.I. raises important ethical and social issues and that it needs to be regulated while reaping its benefits and positive spin-offs. While the first A.I.-related laws were passed in 2016, by 2021 there were 18 new laws enacted in the 25 countries analyzed.
Download A.I. INDEX ANNUAL REPORT - .pdf
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